SPANISH LOAN-WORDS IN UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE
WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF EAST SLAVIC TRADITION
Abstract. The article can be considered as a part of a series of contributions devoted to the study of Romance lexical influence on Ukrainian,
and to a larger extent, on East Slavic languages. It was already pointed out that one of the distinguishing features of Ukrainian lexis, especially if compared with Russian, to a lesser extent
with Belarusian, is the active use of a high number of lexemes derived from the Romance languages. The most numerous loans are from French, followed by Italian. The Spanish lexical element in
Ukrainian, just as in Russian and Belarusian, is considerably less substantial than the French and the Italian ones. Nevertheless it is not as insignificantas it has often been implied in the few
reports on this topic. After an outline of the way Spanish loan-words entered first European and later East Slavic languages, beginning from the XVI-XVII centuries, some typical Spanish
borrowings in Ukrainian are discussed. The selection criteria used in the description and calculation of Spanish loan-words in Ukrainian is also presented. The complete scheme containing the
total amount of Spanish loans in Ukrainian with their explanation will beomitted for reasons of space.
Key words: Spanish loan-words, Ukrainian, East Slavic languages, lexis, borrowing.
Information about the author: Del Gaudio Salvatore – PhD; professor of Kyiv Borys Grinchenko university.